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廠家分析介紹鍍鋅方管熱處理的十個要點

發布時間:2019-05-21人氣:3

鍍鋅方管熱處理的十個要點:一、鍍鋅方管及夾具在熱處理前均應清除油污、殘鹽、油漆等外來物;二、在真空爐中首次使用的夾具,應預先在不低于工件所要求的真空度下進行除氣凈化處理;三、在熱處理過程中易變形工件,應在專用夾具上進行加熱。預熱的方法有:一次預熱為800℃,二次預熱為500-550℃和850℃,一次預熱升溫度速度應限制;

Ten key points for heat treatment of galvanized square tubes are as follows: 1. Before heat treatment, galvanized square tubes and fixtures should remove foreign substances such as oil, residual salt and paint; 2. Fixtures first used in vacuum furnaces should be degassed and purified in advance at the vacuum required by the workpiece; 3. Workpieces easily deformed during heat treatment should be heated on special fixtures. The preheating methods are as follows: primary preheating is 800 C, secondary preheating is 500 - 550 C and 850 C, and the speed of primary preheating should be limited. 四、對于形狀復雜或截面有急劇變化以及有效厚度較大的工件,應進行預熱;五、有凹槽不通孔的工件、鑄件和焊接件以及加工成形的不銹鋼工件,一般不宜在鹽浴爐中加熱;六、鍍鋅方管加熱應有足夠的保溫時間,可根據工件有效厚度和條件厚度(實際厚度乘以工件形狀系數);

4. For workpieces with complex shapes or sharp changes in cross sections and large effective thickness, preheating should be carried out; 5. Workpieces with grooves and no through holes, castings and welds, and stainless steel workpieces processed and formed, generally, should not be heated in a salt bath furnace; 6. Galvanized square tubes should be heated with sufficient holding time, which can be multiplied by the effective thickness and conditional thickness of the workpiece (actual thickness multiplied by workpiece thickness). Shape coefficient;

七、馬氏體不銹鋼和耐熱鋼鍍鋅方管淬火冷至室溫后方可進行清洗、深冷處理或回火,焊接和其后的熱處理之間的時間間隔不應超過4小時;八、根據鍍鋅方管要求和表面狀況采用堿洗、水溶性清洗劑、氯溶劑噴砂,噴丸等方法進行清理;九、矯正后應在低于原回火溫度下進行去應力退火,形狀復雜或尺寸要求嚴格工件,矯正后在回火時用定形夾具結合回火進行矯正;十、當鍍鋅方管力學性能不合格時,可重復熱處理,但重復淬火或固溶次數一般不超過二次。鍍鋅方管的補充回火不算作重復處理。淬火狀態或低溫回火后的馬氏體不銹鋼和耐熱鋼工件,重復淬火前應進行預熱,退火或高溫回火。

7. After quenching and cooling to room temperature, galvanized square tubes of martensitic stainless steel and heat-resistant steel can be cleaned, cryogenically treated or tempered. The time interval between welding and subsequent heat treatment should not exceed 4 hours. 8. According to the requirements and surface conditions of galvanized square tubes, alkali washing, water-soluble cleaning agent, chlorine solvent sandblasting, shot blasting and other methods should be used for cleaning. 9. After rectification, the temperature should be lower than the original tempering temperature. Stress-relief annealing is carried out under the degree of stress, and the workpiece with complex shape or strict size is required. After correction, the workpiece is corrected by setting fixture combined with tempering when tempering. 10. When the mechanical properties of galvanized square tubes are not up to standard, heat treatment can be repeated, but the number of repeated quenching or solid solution does not exceed twice. Supplementary tempering of galvanized square tubes is not regarded as repetitive treatment. Martensitic stainless steel and heat-resistant steel workpieces after quenching or low temperature tempering should be preheated, annealed or tempered at high temperature before repeated quenching.

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